Combined Primary & Secondary School Enrolment Ratio

Year 1981 1986 1991 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Ratio 82.10 87 89.20 86.80 90.30 91 90.50 90.80
Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Ratio 90.90 90.90 91.30 91.70 91.80 92.40 92.50 93.30
Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ratio 94.50 93.90 102.90 103.60 104.60 105.20 104.70 104.50

Operational Definitions

The combined primary and secondary gross enrolment ratio. Gross enrolment ratio (primary) refers to ratio of number of children (irrespective of age) enrolled in primary classes compared to total number of children in the typical primary school age group of 6 to 11. This definition applies to gross enrolment ratio (secondary) and gross enrolment ratio (combined primary and secondary) of which the corresponding age groups are 12-18 and 6-18 respectively.


Figures are collected from the Education Bureau.

(1) Figures include government, aided, caput, direct subsidy scheme, local private and international schools, as well as evening schools, special schools and special classes.
(2) Figures from 2006 onwards include secondary day courses operated by private schools offering tutorial, vocational and adult education courses. Figures from 2008 onwards also include correctional / residential home under the Social Welfare Department and correctional institutions under the Correctional Services Department.
(3) The New Senior Secondary academic structure has been implemented fully from 2011/12 school year onwards. The GER at secondary level from this year is compiled based on school-age population 12-17 (i.e. excluding S7) vis-a-vis those ratios based on school-age population 12-18 (i.e. including S7) in preceding years.
(4) The 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population figures from end-2011 to mid-2016 have been revised accordingly. Gross Enrolment Ratio has been compiled using the revised population figures.
(5) Figures for 2016 are provisional.
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