Labour force participation rate (LFPR)

Year 1981 1986 1991 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
% 66.30 65.10 63.50 61.60 61.30 61.30 61.30 61.40
Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
% 61.50 61.70 61.40 61.30 60.90 61.20 61.20 60.90
Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
% 60.80 59.60 60.10 60.50 61.20 61.10 61.10 61.10
Year 2017
% 61.10

Operational Definitions

The labour force participation rate refers to the proportion of labour force in the land-based civilian non-institutionalized persons aged 15 and over. Labour force is made up of land-based civilian non-institutionalized persons aged 15 and over who should: (a) be engaged in performing work for pay or profit during the seven days before enumeration; or (b) have formal job attachment (i.e. that the person has continued receipt of wage or salary; or has an assurance or and agreed date of return to job or business; or is in receipt of compensation without obligation to accept another job); or unemployed. For a definition of unemployed, please see 9.4.


All figures are collected from Census and Statistics Department since 1981.
According to C&SD (25Sep2009), starting from the year 2001, annual figures derived from the General Household Survey (GHS) may be different from those in the earlier edition. For the previous edition, the annual figures are compiled based on the average data for the four quarters of the year concerned. Starting from this edition, these statistics are compiled based on data collected in the General Household Survey in January to December each year as well as the mid-year population estimates by District Council district compiled jointly by the Census and Statistics Department and an inter-departmental Working Group on Population Distribution Projections.
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